POLLINATION RELATIONSHIPS: NATIVES (N) - INVASIVES (I) - EXOTICS (E)


This Monarch Butterfly (N) samples sweet nectar from a New England Aster (N) mid morning on the Wetland East Meadow buffer (fall, 08). Large and small white dots are sprinkled around the edges of her 2 pair of wings. The Aster’s flower head is dark rose purple to pink and approx. 3.0 cm. How does the Monarch's activity help the Aster (hint: pollination)? Can you identify the differences of the Monarch and Viceroy? How does the Monarch help the Viceroy?



The Smooth Aster (N) is 20-100 cm in height. Its stem is waxy and the leaves are spoon shaped. Flower heads are approx. 2.0 cm wide and pale blue, mauve or white. A hairy stem and flower heads that are less than 1.0 cm wide are characteristics of the Heath Aster (N). Can you name the yellow butterfly here with the black dots. (think 'Sulphur')? How do these life forms support the Wetland Community? (fall/08)


Canada Goldenrod (N) is a very important honey plant for butterflies and honey bees. It contains protein rich pollen that helps honey bees over winter. The Monarch is taking pollen out of the New England Aster (N) flowerets to the left of this yellow Goldenrod. There are so many mutually beneficial relationships between the life forms that make up the Wetland buffers. (fall/08)


The Red Spotted Purple (N). Its upperside is blue to blue-green with much iridescence on the outer part of the hindwing. Underside is dark brown. Forewing has 2 red-orange bars near the base of the leading edge; hindwing has 3 red-orange spots near the base and a submarginal row of red-orange spots.


The Pipevine Swallowtail or Blue Swallowtail (Battus philenor)(N) is a swallowtail butterfly found in North America and Central America. The butterflies are black with iridescent blue hind wings. They are found in many different habitats, but are most commonly found in forests. The black or red caterpillars feed on Aristolochia species, making them poisonous as both larvae and adults, while the adults feed on the nectar of a variety of flowers

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Cabbage Whites usually land with its wings closed. They are very common butterflies throughout the entire country are the Cabbage White butterflies which were swarming all over the place in early June, and will be seen for most of the summer.

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Cabbage Whites usually land with its wings closed. They are very common butterflies throughout the entire country are the Cabbage White butterflies which were swarming all over the place in early June, and will be seen for most of the summer.

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The Common Whitetail or Long-tailed Skimmer (Plathemis lydia) is a common dragonfly across much of North America, with a striking and unusual appearance. The male's chunky white body (about 5 cm long), combined with the brownish-black bands on its otherwise translucent wings, give it a checkered look. Females have a brown body and a different pattern of wing spots.

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